Correlation Between Dietary Intake With Protein Energy Malnutrition of Child 1-5 Years Old In Posyandu Kenanga 3 Bulak Banteng Surabaya

Astrida Budiarti, Puji Hastuti, Vita Aristiarini

Abstract


Protein energy malnutrition is a state where low consumption of energy and protein in
the daily diet. Composition of the dietary intake is the frequency and amount of food
consumed by a person at any given time. Dietary intake is one of the significant factors
affecting the incidence of protein energy malnutrition. This study aims to determine the
correlation between dietaty intake with protein energy malnutrition of child 1-5 years old in
posyandu kenanga 3 bulak banteng surabaya.
The design of this study was non-experimental namely Case Control. Researchers using
sampling techniques with simple random sampling and obtained 36 respondents who meet the
inclusion and exclusion criteria. Implementation research on diet performed 3 times a week to
meet the testing criteria diet. The research instrument used was a diet questionnaire namely
food recall and food frequency.
In this study, data analyzed Coefficient Test Kontingency with a significance level of p
<0.05. Through Kontingency coefficienttest, there is a relationship between diet with the
incidence of protein energy malnutrition with the results of p = 0.00. From these results it can
be concluded that there is a correlation between dietaty intake with protein energy
malnutrition of child 1-5 years old in posyandu kenanga 3 bulak banteng surabaya.
So the toddler diet should be increased by adding extension posyandu about good food
intake for sake improving the quality child life.
Key words: Protein Energy Malnutrition, dietary intake, food recall


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