THE DECREASE OF DEPRESSION LEVEL IN ELDERLY WITH COOKING GROUP THERAPY AS MODALITY THERAPY IN PANTI WERDHA SURABAYA

Dhian Satya Rachmawati, Ari Susanti, Marlina Meiningrum

Abstract


Elderly who live in homes or institutions tend to be more at risk of depression. Elderly in
nursing have symptoms of depression such as doesn’t have motivation for life and often bored
because there is no activity. One way to reduce the level of depression in the elderly used
occupational therapy. Occupational therapy cooking group is one of the occupational therapy
that uses the process of cooking to serve the food as a therapy method. This study aimed to
analyze the effect of occupational therapy : cooking group as modality therapy to decrease of
depression in Nursing Home for Elderly in Surabaya.
This study design used pre-made with the experimental one-group pre-post test in the
treatment group pretest and posttest. Variable independent is cooking occupational therapy
group and variable dependent is depression. The population in this study is the elderly who
have mild depression. With a sample of 30 elderly people selected by probability sampling
using simple random sampling technique. The research instrument used questionnaire GDS
30. Data were analyzed using the Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test.
The results showed that the effect of occupational therapy group cooking terhadapt level of
depression in the elderly. Results Wilcoxon Signed Rank test p = 0.001 (p 0.001 <α 0:05),
meaning that there are significant in the treatment group.
The implication of this research is occupational therapy cooking group on the level of
depression in the elderly effect, so it needs the support of the institutions to increase the
cooking occupational therapy group, so as to minimize the level of depression in the elderly.
Key words: cooking group occupational therapy, the elderly, depression


Full Text:

PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.