THE EFFECTS OF PROGRESSIVE MUSCLE RELAXATION ON THE LEVEL OF ANXIETY EXPERIENCED BY THE PRIMIGRAVID WOMEN IN THE THIRD TRIMESTER IN BPM IKA MARDIYANTI PRAMBON SIDOARJO

Ika Mardiyanti

Abstract


Besides the psychological problem that leads to anxiety, the common problem often occurs
in pregnant women is the physical problem dealing with discomfort resulting from the
changes in the body shape and posture. This psychological burden is often experienced by
the pregnant women, especially the primigravid women in the third trimester. The treatment
for anxiety can be done by giving pharmacological and non-pharmacological therapy. One
of the non-pharmacological therapies is progressive muscle relaxation, the systematic
technique to achieve a state of relaxation. Therefore, this study was purposed to analyze the
effects of progressive muscle relaxation on the level of anxiety experienced by the
primigravid women in the third trimester. This quasi-experimental study was done using
one group pretest-posttest design. The study conducted in BPM Ika Mardiyanti involved 32
pregnant women chosen by using accidental sampling technique. The instrument used to
measure the level of anxiety was Zung Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (ZSAS). Moreover, the
non-parametric test using Wilcoxon signed rank test with the significance level of α = 0.05
was used to analyze the collected data. Each pregnant woman received the intervention by
performing progressive muscle relaxation once a day for 10 minutes done on 3 consecutive
days. The results of statistical analysis using Wilcoxon signed rank test showed that p value
was 0.000 (p value < 0.05) illustrating that progressive muscle relaxation therapy
was effective on the level of anxiety experience by the primigravid women in the third
trimester in BPM Ika Mardiyanti, Prambon, Sidoarjo.
Key words: primigravid women, anxiety, progressive muscle relaxation.


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