ANALYSIS OF INFLUENCE FACTORS AUOTONOMOUSNESS OF HYPERTENSION ELDER BASED ON SELF CARE OREM THEORY PERSPECTIVE IN RW 03 WONOKROMO SURABAYA

Umdatus Soleha

Abstract


The elderly people who have hypertension have not realized and do not have enough ability
to have hypertension treatment at home. The objective of this study was to analyze the factors
that affect the independence of hypertension elderly people based on the theory perspective of
"Orem Self Care" in RW 3 Wonokromo Subdistrict Surabaya.
This study design was a cross sectional analytic approach. The population was Hypertension
Elderly Patients and the sample was 32 respondents. The sample was collected by a
probability sampling technique used simple random sampling. The research variables were
age, education, job, support and independence. The data collection was done by distributing
questionnaire. The statistical test used Logistic Regression which had significance level α =
0.05.
The result of the study was almost half (43.8%) of the respondents, the age was 60-74 (seniors
up early) and the majority (62.5%) had a primary education. The majority (68.8%) of them
was working, most (71.8%) had less family support and the majority (75%) was not
independent. Logistic regression of SPPS was the most dominant factor of independence from
age, education, job and family support that was P = 0.002 which was P> 0.05 means that the
most dominant factor of independence was family.
The conclusion of this study is the family support is crucial to determine the elderly
independence level, especially hypertension elderly people. It is expected that the family can
pay more attention to the health condition of family members and provide support during the
inspection process, the treatment of the elderly people who have hypertension.
Key words: factors auotonomousness, hypertension, elder
Proceeding of Surabaya International Health Conference
July 13-14, 2017
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