EFFECTIVENESS OF ENDORPHIN MASSAGE AGAINST ANXIETY THE FACE OF LABOR ON MOTHER PRIMIGRAVIDA IN THE REGION OF CLINICS JAGIR SURABAYA

R. Khairiyatul Afiyah

Abstract


Most pregnant women in the society experience anxiety when facing labor, especially
primigravida (a woman who is pregnant for the first time). Anxiety during labor can be
manage by using Endorphin Massage. This study was purposed to find out the effectiveness
of Endorphin Massage on anxiety during labor experienced by the primigravida women living
around Puskesmas Jagir (community health cente) located in Surabaya. The study was Pre-
Experimental in which the population involved the third trimester primigravida women,
totaling 16 women living around the stated community health center. The samples were
chosen using Non-Probability sampling by applying purposive sampling technique. The
independent variable was Endorphin Massage, whereas the dependent variable was anxiety
during labor. This study use HARS (Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale) questionnaire to collect
the data which were analyzed using Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test with the significance level α
= 0,05. The result of study showed that among 16 respondents, 10 respondents (62,5%)
without Endorphin Massage experienced mild anxiety after receiving Endorphin Massage.
Moreover, the result of Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test showed that ρ= 0,001 < α = 0,05
illustrating that Endorphin Massage was effective to manage anxiety experienced by
primigravida women during labor. Endorphin Massage was effective to decrease anxiety
during labor. Therefore, nurse are expected to provide health education so that the
primigravida women’s level of anxiety will decrease.
Key words: Anxiety, Endorphin Massage


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