THE RELATIONSHIP NUTRITIONAL STATUS WITH THE MENSTRUAL CYCLE AND DISMENOREA INCIDENT IN MIDWIFERY DIPLOMA UNUSA

Esty Puji Rahayu

Abstract


Menstrual cycle is the distance between the first day of menstruation with the first day of next
menstruation. Dysmenorrhoea or pain during menstruation is the most common gynecological
complaint experienced by adolescents as primary dysmenorrhea which associated with a
normal ovulatory cycle without pelvic abnormality. The factor of menstrual cycle’s regularity
is the hormone imbalance with several causes such as stress, disease, changes in routine,
lifestyle and weight. Nutritional status is assessed from body mass index (BMI). After
obtained the respondents who experience dysmenorrhea and then categorized based on the
degrees of dysmenorrhoea and the regularity of menstrual cycle. Relationship BMI with
menstrual cycle was analyzed using Chi Square test with p=0.000 (p <0.05) it means there is a
relationship between BMI with menstrual cycle. The use of hormones in livestock breeding
will affect adolescent growth. Teenagers who consume these foods tend to be fat and have a
high body mass index. The cause of the longer cycle of menstruation is increase amount of
body fat followed raising level of estrogen in the blood. The relationship of BMI with
disminorea was analyzed using Spearman test, BMI had negative correlation (r=-0.114) with
dysminorrhea incidence and there was no correlation between BMI and dysminorrhea (p>
0,05). The absence of a relationship can be due to BMI underweight and overweight category
can experience primary dysmenorrheal.
Key words: BMI, menstrual cycle, Dysmenorrhea


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