THE CORRELATION BETWEEN THE NURSE’S KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE, AND THE IMPLEMENTATION OF PATIENT SAFETY IN THE IN-PATIENT WARD OF RUMAH SAKIT ISLAM SURABAYA

Yanis Kartini, Rifdatul Khoirot

Abstract


The implementation of patient safety in the hospital is not optimally done yet. One of
the examples is that some nurses do not wrap the patients’ wrist with available wristbands for
safety. The success of nursing care is supported by the knowledge and attitude possessed by
the nurses. This study was purposed to analyze the correlation between the nurse’s
knowledge, attitude, and the implementation of patient safety in the in-patient ward of Rumah
Sakit Islam Surabaya (Surabaya Islamic General Hospital).
This analytical observational study was done using cross sectional approach. The
population involved the nurses who were on duty in Mina, Multazam, Shofa, and Marwa inpatient
ward of the above stated hospital, totaling 39 people in which 36 respondents were
chosen as the samples by using proportional stratified random sampling technique. The
independent variable was the nurse’s knowledge and attitude, whereas the dependent variable
was the implementation of patient safety. The instruments used in this study were
questionnaire sheets used to measure the knowledge and attitude, whereas observation sheets
were used to measure the implementation of patient safety. The data were analyzed using Chisquare
statistic test with the significance level of α = 0.05.
The results of this study done to 36 respondents showed that nearly all of them
(91.7%) had a high level of knowledge; most of them (52.8%) had a positive attitude; and
most (66.7%) implemented patient safety well. Moreover, the analysis using Chi-square
statistic test resulted in ρ = 0.031 illustrating the correlation between the nurse’s knowledge
and the implementation of patient safety. Whilst, another result showed that ρ = 0.018
showing the correlation between the nurse’s attitude and the implementation of patient safety.
In conclusion, the higher the nurses possess the knowledge and the more positive
attitude they had, the better they implement patient safety. Therefore, the hospital
management needs to carry out periodic trainings for the implementation of patient safety to
increase the knowledge and attitude of the nurses in Rumah Sakit Islam Surabaya.
Key words: knowledge, attitude, implementation of patient safety.


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