THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN NUTRITIONAL STATUS AND AGE AT MENARCHE IN THE FIFTH AND SIXTH-GRADE STUDENTS OF SDN PABEAN 1 SEDATI, SIDOARJO

Rahmadaniar Aditya Putri, S. Kep., Ns

Abstract


In the last decade, age at menarche comes earlier. The factors affecting the menarche
are genetics, nutritional status, and environment. Therefore, this research was purposed to find
out the relationship between nutritional status and age at menarche in the fifth and sixth-grade
students of SDN Pabean 1 Sedati, Sidoarjo.
This analytic research was done using cross sectional approach. The population
involved the students having menarche in the last two months, totally 28 people. Whilst, 26
respondents were taken as the samples by using probability sampling in which simple random
sampling technique was used. The independent variable was nutritional status, whereas the
dependent one was age at menarche. The instruments used in this research were questionnaire
and observation sheet. Moreover, the data were analyzed by using Spearman’s Rank test with
the significance level α = 0.05.
The result of research showed that nearly half of the respondents (46.2%) had normal
nutritional status, whereas most of them (53.8%) had menarche at normal age. Moreover, the
result of Spearman’s Rank test showed that p = (0.018) < α = (0.05) so that H0 was rejected
illustrating that there was a relationship between nutritional status and age at menarche.
In conclusion, the higher nutritional status affects the normal age at menarche. Hence,
the health workers are expected to develop cooperation with schools in order to provide
reproductive health education for adolescents as well as to integrate it into the curriculum in
the fifth and sixth grade.
Keywords: nutritional status, age at menarche


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