REDUCING STRESS (CORTISOL HORMONE LEVELS) WITH STRESS MANAJEMEN OF DIABATES MELLITUS PATIENTS

DWIHARINI PUSPITANINGSIH

Abstract


Stress is characterized by an increase of cortisol hormone, greatly affecting control and blood
glucose levels. The purpose of this study was to identify the Effect of Stress Management on
Reduction of cortisol levels of Diabetes Mellitus Patients. The study design was quasy experiment.
The number of respondents in this study as many as 16 people divided into two groups which of
intervention group and control group, the sampling technique using purposive sampling technique.
The instrument used in the study is a questionnaire modification by researchers. After Being Given
Stress Management, levels of cortisol of intervention group has decrease, but in the control group
the cortisol levels has increase. The mean value of cortisol content for treatment group was -18,16 ±
19,18, while in control group the mean value of cortisol was 10,56 ± 22,18.The result of statistic
analysis using independet t test obtained ρ=0,015 where ρ<0,05 indicated that there was significant
difference between cortisol content between control group and treatment group given by stress
management. Management of DM patients is expected to be used for individuals to learn what
stress is and how to identify stressors in their own lives, acquire and practice stress coping skills
and practice stress management techniques, so that patients are expected to change the behavior of
maladaptive stress into adaptive.
Keywords. Stress Management, Cortisol, hormones, diabetes mellitus.


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