CONSUMPTION OF FE-FOLAT WITH BANANA TO THE HAEMOGLOBIN LEVELS AND SIDE EFFECTS ON PREGNANT WOMAN

Faizatul Ummah

Abstract


Pregnant woman is one group anemia risk. The government policy in supplement
tablet fe-folat at least 90 tablet during pregnant. Iron tablet consumption can generate side effects
that annoying as nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps, and constipation. Research purposes to
know the influence of iron tablet consumption and folic acid with bananas against elevated levels
of haemoglobin and side effects on gastrointestinal pregnant women. Experimental research (one
group pre-postest design). Sample of 24 pregnant women with < 20 weeks of pregnancy age
criteria, no KEK, pregnancy distance > 2 years, and pregnant mother age is 20-35 years. Variables
that measure is pre-post Hb levels and side effects on the gastrointestinal tract, nausea, vomiting,
and constipation. Hb levels were analyzed with Paired T-Test and side effects were tested by Mc
Nemar (α = 0.05). Result of research, mean of Hb level of pre 11.71 gr% and post 12.66 gr%
(mean increase is 0,95 gr%). Test Paired T-Tes, t = -7.489, p <0.001. Side effect at the beginning
of the first week, mild nausea vomiting (58.33%), and constipation (25.00%). At the end of the
second week, mild nausea vomiting, and constipation (4.16%). Mc Nemar test result of nausea
vomiting p < 0.01 and constipation p> 0.05. Consumption of iron and folate tablets with bananas
can increase Hb levels quickly and can reduce side effects of nausea, vomiting, and constipation.
It is recommended for health workers to improve education to pregnant women to consume iron
tablets using bananas.
Keyword: Fe-folat, banana, Hb level, side effect


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