DIFFERENCES OF FREQUENCY AND DEPTH OF BASIC LIFE SUPPORT (BLS) COMPRESSION BASED ON AMERICAN HEART ASSOCIATION (AHA) 2015 BETWEEN RULE OF FIVE AND RULE OF TEN TECHNIQUES IN SEMESTER VII AT STIKES MUHAMMADIYAH LAMONGAN LABORATORY

Suratmi, Farida Juanita

Abstract


Basic life support (BLS) is an emergency measure to maintain and restore the vital organs
of cardiac arrest victims and stop breathing. One of the factors influencing the success of
basic life support is adequate chest compression consisting of correct frequency and depth
of compression. According to AHA 2015, the exact frequency is 100 - 120 times per
minute and depth between 5-6 cm. One cause of ineffectiveness of frequency and depth is
the calculation technique used when performing chest compression. The purpose of this
study is to know the difference of frequency and depth of chest compression between
calculation technique of rule of five and rule of ten.
The research used Pre-experimental with static group compararison design approach. The
population was 168 students and sample was 118 students taken using simple random
sampling method. Data were analyzed by Chi Square test.
The results showed that both of the frequency and depth of chest compression with rule of
five technique is more effective, than the frequency and depth of chest compression with
the rule ten technique. Chi Square test result with significance 0,00 (p <0,05).
It is expected that this research will increase the students' information to understand better
the implementation of basic life support
Keywords: Frequency of compression, depth of compression, BLS, Student


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