PHASE OF CHEMOTHERAPY WITH NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF CHILDREN WITH LEUKEMIA AT ROOM BONA 2 DR. SOETOMO HOSPITAL

Kiaonarni Ongko Waluyo, Adin Mu'afiro, Irine Christiany

Abstract


Chemotherapy is a medical therapy using anti-cancer drugs to kill cancer cells systemically,
which have contributed to the occurrence of malnutrition for various reasons. Objective:
identify Chemotherapy phase relationship with the nutritional status of children with Leukemia.
This type of research: analytic correlational. The study population: all children with leukemia
who undergo chemotherapy in the room Bona 2 Dr. Soetomo Hospital as many as 20 children
used as a sample. Dependent Variables: The nutritional status of children with Leukemia.
Independent Variables: Phase of Chemotherapy. The research instrument is: Bathscale,
observation sheets, the curve Z-score at WHO-NCHS. Data were analyzed using Chi Square.
Children with Leukemia who undergo chemotherapy are most numerous in the Consolidated
phase as much as 35%. Nutritional status of children with Leukemia after undergoing
Chemotherapy most (35%) experienced less nutritional status and poor nutrition status as much
as 30%. Phase of Chemotherapy have a relationship with Nutritional Status of children with
Leukemia who undergo chemotherapy (p = 0.045 <0.05). Phase of Induction, half of children
have poor nutritional status. Phase of Consolidation vast majority of children (57.1%) are in
poor nutritional status. Phase of Maintenance whole of children has less nutritional status.
Advised to healthcare workers in the Hospital should further promote the health education in
order to improve the knowledge of parents, especially knowledge about providing good
nutrition, so the nutritional intake of children is maintained although have nausea, vomiting
when undergoing chemotherapy and child nutritional status not decline even nutritional intake
is expected to improved.
Keywords : Phase of Chemotherapy, Nutritional Status, Leukemia


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