HUBUNGAN MOTIVASI, PERSEPSI, DAN PENGETAHUAN IBU PADA MASA KEHAMILAN DAN PEMBERIAN AIR SUSU IBU

Nurhasmadiar Nandini

Abstract


In Indonesia, the coverage of infants that get breastfeeding exclusively were still low. In 2013,
the average coverage of exclusive breastfeeding in Indonesia was 54,3%. Surabaya, in East Java
Province, is one of the city with low coverage of exclusive breastfeeding. The average of babies who
got exclusively breastfeeding in Surabaya since 2012 – 2015 were 63,13%, still below the target of
Health Ministry. This research conducted to analyze the relationship between motivation, perception,
and knowledge of pregnant women and breastfeeding practice. The respondent of the research was
pregnant woman and the study continued until they are giving birth. Sample size was 79 mothers in
East Surabaya. Result showed that majority mothers have high motivation to breastfeed, positive
perception related to breast milk, low knowledge about breastfeeding, and they already give
breastmilk only for their babies during the first week. Conclusion was there was no significant
relationship between motivation, perception, and knowledge towards breastfeeding practice. This is
caused by there were a lot of factors that influenced directly or indirectly towards mothers
decisionand practice to breasfeed or not.


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