THE DIFFERENT EFFECTS OF ZINC SUPPLEMENT AND VELVET BEAN MUCUNA PRURIENS EXTRACTS TOWARD FERTILITY OF BALBC/ MICE

Pardipta Pradipta Kurniasanti, M. Zen Rahfiludin, Sri Winarni

Abstract


Good quality velvet beans and zinc supplement are well studied and known as rich source of
aphrodisiac. The following reseach was carried out to study the difference effect of zinc supplement (ZS)
and velvet bean extracts (VBE) towards fertility of BALB/c mice i.e the number of sperm, the motility of
sperm, the viability of sperm, the morphology of sperm, the existence of vagina plug, and the birth
condition of mice. This study was an experiment using Posttest Only Controlled Group Design with three
groups. The first group (A1) as control, the second group (A2) receives subcutaneous injection of 2methoxyethanol
fraction
as
much
as
200
mg/kg
weight/day
for
5
days,
followed
with
ZS
at
a
dosage
of
0,026 mg/day/head, and the third group (A3) receives subcutaneous injection of 2-methoxyethanol
fraction as much as 200 mg/kg weight/day for 5 days, followed with VBE at a dosage of 56 mg/kg weight
/day for 30 days. The quality of spermatozoa of A1, A2, and A3 was significant difference (p < 0.05).
Both of A2 and A3 were no significant difference of mean number of sperm (p = 0.274), mean percentage
of sperm motility (p = 0.739), mean percentage of sperm viability (p = 0.141) and mean value of
morphology of sperm (p = 0.394). The quality of spermatozoa and the total number of baby mice lived
and died of A1, A2 and A3 were significant difference. In addition, there was no significant difference
in the existence of female mice's vaginal plug of A1, A2 and A3. This study showed that ZS and VBE can
increase the quality of spermatozoa of BALB/C mice.


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