TREND KASUS BARU INFEKSI HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS (HIV) DI INDONESIA PERIODE TAHUN 2012–2016

Agus Aan Adriansyah, Nurul Jannatul Firdausi

Abstract


Countries in Southeast Asia have a very high HIV (+) prevalence compared to other
countries in the Asian Continent. Indonesia is one of the countries in Southeast Asia that has the
fastest rate of HIV transmission. The proliferation of new cases of HIV in Indonesia has increased
significantly in 2013 and 2014. It is not only a health issue, it has become a social problem at the
same time. Therefore, it is necessary to describe the trend of new cases of HIV-AIDS disease for the
period 2012–2016 in all provinces in Indonesia. This is an explorative descriptive research. The
study design was cross-sectional with a retrospective approach. The location of this study is all
provinces in Indonesia. The population of this study is all data of patients with new cases of HIV
disease. Data collection used secondary data documentation studies on the number of new HIV
cases. Statistical method used is parametric statistic with test used is Friedman test and Wilcoxon
test. Results of comparative HIV case testing for the period 2012–2016 show a significance value of
0.001, and there is at least one significant difference in the number of HIV cases from the period
2012–2016. Partially, only the HIV cases of the 2012 period with the year 2013, the period of 2013
to 2014, and the 2015 to 2016 period indicate a significant difference. Suggestions that can be given
are the need for cross-program and cross-sector coordination in the implementation of the prepared
programs, the commitment and support of policy makers to allocate budgets outside the health
sector, not to engage in free sex, increase drug treatment facilities for drug addicts, and Provides
HIV Counseling facilities

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