EMPOWERMENT EDUCATION, PEER SUPPORT TERHADAP PERILAKU PENCEGAHAN CACAT DI RS KUSTA SUMBERGLAGAH

Taufan Arif, Joni Haryanto, Esty Yunitasari

Abstract


Leprosy disease is caused by Mycobacterium leprae which attacks the skin and peripheral nerves. Currently leprosy still remains a world problem. Leprosy patients should not experience severe structural and functional damage. The combination of the empowerment education, peer support can improve symptoms and signs of impairment, behavioral prevention defects. The objective of this study was describes empowerment education, peer support to behavior prevention of dissability. This study used true experimental randomized pre-post test control group design. The sampel was recruited using simple random sampling consisting of 16 respondents. The independent variable are empowerment education, peer support. The dependent variable are knowledge of disability prevention, attitude of disaility prevention, action of medication compliance. The data were collected by distributing questionnaires and check card patient treatment. Data were analized by Mann-Whitney Test and Wilcoxon Signed ranked Test. The result showed that 1) There is influence on knowledge, 2) There is influence on attitude , 3) There is influence on medication adherence. Supportive interventions through empowerment education,  peer support can help leprosy patients in the treatment process. Proven knowledge, attitude, adherence to medication, and self efficacy intervention group increased after given intervention. Suggestions for further research is to examine the development of leprosy impairment prevention models based on other nursing theories and with a longer duration of study

Keywords


empowerment, education, home, based, self, care, peer, support, leprosy, impairment, behavioral, self, efficacy

Full Text:

PDF

References


Azwar, S 2007, Sikap Manusia Teori dan Pengukurannya, Pustaka Pelajar, Yogyakarta

Brakel, WH, Sihombing, S, Djarir, H, Beise, K, & Laksmi, K 2012, ‘Disability in people affected by leprosy: the role of impairment, activity, social participation, stigma and discrimination’, Glob Health Action, diakses pada tanggal 6 november 2016,

Direktorat Jenderal Pengendalian Penyakit dan Penyehatan Lingkungan, 2012, Pedoman Nasional Program Pengendalian Penyakit Kusta, Jakarta, DJPP

Dinas Kesehatan Provinsi Jawa Timur, 2012, Profil Kesehatan Provinsi Jawa Timur Tahun 2012, diakses pada tanggal 30 Oktober 2016,

Dinas Kesehatan Provinsi Jawa Timur, 2016, Laporan Kesehatan Provinsi Jawa Timur Tahun 2016, Dinkes Jatim, Surabaya

Kementerian Kesehatan RI, 2015, Menkes Canangkan Resolusi Jakarta Guna Hilangkan Stigma dan Diskriminasi Kusta, Diakses pada tanggal 30 Oktober 2016, < http://www.depkes.go.id/pdf.php?id=15012700001>

Margareta, T, kusnanto & Dewi, YS 2014, ‘Pengetahuan, self efficacy dan stres pasien kusta melalui penerapan Support group dengan pendekatan teori adaptasi’, Jurnal Ners, vol. 9, hal. 49-58

Masayoshi, I 2010, Manual Training leprosy rehabilitation Workers, 701 first Avenue, New York

Mufarokhah, H, Suhartono, T & Dewi, YS 2016, ‘Self Management Program Meningkatkan Koping, Niat Dan Kepatuhan Berobat Pasien PJK’, Jurnal Ners, vol. 11, hal. 56-52

Notoatmodjo, S 2010, Ilmu Perilaku Kesehatan, Rineka Cipta, Jakarta

Notoatmodjo, S 2010, Promosi Kesehatan: Teori dan Aplikasi, Rineka Cipta, Jakarta

Nursalam, 2015, Metodologi Penelitian Ilmu Keperawatan Pendekatan Praktis edisi 4, Salemba Medika, Jakarta

Onny, S 1996, Pemberdayaan : Konsep, Kebijakan dan Implementasi, CSIS, Jakarta

Prastiwi, T 2010, ‘Faktor-faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Cacat Tingkat II pada Penderita Kusta di RS Kusta Kediri Jawa Timur’, Publish Undergraduated Theses, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya

Putri, MA, Harmayetty & Utomo, B 2016, ‘Psycoeducative family therapy mempengaruhi pengetahuan, dukungan keluarga dan stigma kusta’, Jurnal Ners, Vol. 11, hal 88-98

Rawleet, E 2011, Analytical Rvaluation of the Health Belief Model and Vulnerable Populations Conceptual Model applied to a Medically Underserved, Rural Population. Baltimore, University or Maryland, Uniter States of America

Sjamsoe, E, 2003, Kusta, FKUI, Jakarta

Susanto, N 2006, ‘Faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan Tingkat kecacatan Penderita Kusta’, Tesis, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta

Underwood, LG, Gotlieb, BH & Cohen, S 2000, Social Support Measurement and Intervention: A Guide for Health and Social Scientists, Oxford University Press.

Wahyuni, S 2014, ‘Aplikasi Leprosy Empowerment Education Terhadap Self Efiicacy, Keteraturan Pengobatan, dan Kualitas Hidup Pada Pasien Kusta di Poli RS Kusta Kediri’, Tesis, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya

Wewengkang, K 2016, ‘Pencegahan Kecacatan Akibat Kusta di Kota Manado’, Jurnal Kedokteran Komunitas dan Tropik, vol. 4, no. 2

WHO, 2009, Enhanced Global Strategy for Further Reducing the Disese Burden Due to Leprosy, Mahatma Gandhi Marg, New Delhi

Yuswanto, TJA 2015, ‘Peran Kelompok Dukungan Sebaya (KDS) dan Kepatuhan Minum Obat pada ODHA’, Jurnal Pendidikan Kesehatan Vol. 4, no. 1, hal 64-69


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.