TINGKAT STRES DENGAN SIKLUS MENSTRUASI PADA MAHASISWA

Nety Mawarda Hatmanti

Abstract


Stress can made abnormal of reproduction system expecially cycle of menstruate. Stress can lead to serious physical illness. Stress in student may influence cycle of menstruate. If this condition continue, can made the women to infertile.

            This study is cross sectional design. The population were student in Program Studi S1 Ilmu Keperawatan Medicine Faculty of Airlangga University. Samples were recruited using consecutive sampling, and there were 57 samples who met the inclusion criteria. The observed variables were stress level and cycle of menstruate in fertile age student. Data were collected by questionare and observe. Then, data analyzed using Spearman Rank Correlation (p=0,000).

            The result showed that 26 students (46%) had moderate stress, 31 students (54%) had severe stress. The analyze of cycle menstruate showed that 34 students (60%) had cycle menstruate abnormal and 23 students (40%) had cycle menstruate normal. By using analysis non parametric, Spearman’s Rank Correlation the result showed that value correlation (r) = 0,464. It is mean that there is enought correlation between stress level and cycle of menstruate in fertile age student.

            Based on the conclution, we suggested to promote this information to the student about stress management. So, the cycle menstruste can normal

Keywords


stress, level, cycle, menstruate, nursing, student

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abraham C. & Shanley E. (1997). Psikologi Sosial untuk Perawat. Jakarta : EGC, hal : 211-212.

Arikunto, S. (2006). Prosedur Penelitian : Suatu Pendekatan Praktik. Jakarta : Rineka Cipta, hal : 6-50.

Bagian Obstetri&Ginekologi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Padjadjaran Bandung. Obstetri Fisiologi. Bandung : Eleman, hal : 73-95.

Barclay, L. (2006). AAP Issues Guidelines for Menstrual Cycle Evalution. http://www.medscape.com. Akses : 15 April 2007, pukul 09.00.

Bobak, Lowdermilk, Jensen (1999). Maternity Nursing. Edisi 5. Penerbit : Mosby, hal : 44-73.

Bobak, Lowdermilk, Jensen (2005). (Alih Bahasa Maria A. Wijayarini, Peter I. Anugerah). Buku Ajar Keperawatan Maternitas. Edisi 4. Jakarta : EGC, hal : 45-51.

De Cherney, Alan at all (2007). Lange Current Diagnosis & Teratment Obstetrics & Gynecology. Ed.10.United States of America : The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc, hal : 128-132.

Georgia Reproductive Specialist (2006). Stress Management : What is Stress?. http://www.ivf.com/stress.html. Akses : 15 April 2007, jam 09.00.

Guyton, A.C. (1997). (Alih Bahasa Irawati Setiawan). Buku Ajar Fisiologi Kedokteran. Edisi 9. Jakarta : EGC, hal : 1294-1300.

Hawari, D. (2001). Manajemen Stress, Cemas, dan Depresi. Jakarta : Balai Penerbit Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Indonesia, hal : 17-43.

Hembing (2006). Mencegah & Mengatasi Penyakit Kewanitaan dengan Tumbuhan Obat. http//www.cyberhealth.com. Tanggal 9 April, jam 14.00.

Manuaba, I.B.G. (1998). Ilmu Kebidanan, Penyakit Kandungan, dan Keluarga Berencana : untuk Pendidikan Bidan. Jakarta : EGC, hal : 87-94.

Masten, Y. (1993). Obstetric Nursing. Penerbit : Mc Graw Hill, hal : 2-5.

Michael J.O & Elliot E.P. (1994). The History of Obstetrics & Gynaecology. New York : Parthenon Publishing Group, hal : 291-293.

Minjarez, D.A. (2000). Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America : Abnormal Uterine Bleeding in Adolescents. Nomer 1. Volume 27. ,hal : 63-67.

Nevid, S.J. & Rathus A.S. & Greene B. (2005). Psikologi Abnormal. Jilid 1. Edisi 5. Jakarta : Erlangga, hal : 135-141.

Niven, N. (1995). Psikologi Kesehatan : Pengantar untuk Perawat dan Profesional Kesehatan Lain. Edisi 2. Jakarta : EGC, hal : 120-122.

Notoatmodjo, S. (2005). Metodologi Penelitian Kesehatan. Jakarta : Rineka Cipta, hal : 10-35.

Nursalam (2003). Konsep dan Penerapan Metodologi Penelitian Keperawatan : Pedoman Skripsi, Tesis, dan Instrumen Keperawatan. Edisi 1. Jakarta : Salemba Medika, hal : 39-106.

Poerwandari K. (2006). Stres dalam Kehidupan Sehari-hari. http:// www.yayasanpulih.com. Tanggal 9 April 2007, jam 14.00.

Potter & Perry (1999). Buku Ajar Fundamental Keperawatan. Edisi 4. Jakarta : EGC, hal : 476-481.

Prawirohardjo, S. (2002). Ilmu Kebidanan. Jakarta : Yayasan Bina Pustaka Sarwono Prawirohardjo, hal : 45-51.

Prawirohardjo, S. (2005). Ilmu Kandungan. Jakarta : Yayasan Bina Pustaka Sarwono Prawirohardjo, hal : 103-120, 204-229.

Price A.S. & Wilson M.L. (1995). Patofisiologi : Konsep Klinis Proses-proses Penyakit. Buku 2. Edisi 4. Jakarta : EGC, hal : 1127-1129.

Rasmun (2004). Stress, Koping & Adaptasi : Teori & Pohon Masalah. Jakarta : Sagung Seto, hal : 7-27.

Smeltzer, S.C. (2002). (Alih Bahasa Agung W.). Buku Ajar Keperawatan Medikal Bedah. Edisi 8. Volume 1. Jakarta : EGC, hal : 123-137.

Stressless. Inc (2006). Stress Assessment and PersonalProgram. http://www.stressless.com/stressquiz2.cfm. Tanggal 15 April 2007, jam 09.00.

Suliswati, dkk (2004). Konsep Dasar Keperawatan Kesehatan Jiwa. Hal : 22-36.

Townsend M. (1995). Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing. Philadelpia : FA Davis Company.

------------- (2002). Kesehatan Reproduksi Remaja. http://www.kesrepro.info.com. Tanggal 9 April 2007, jam 14.00.

--------------- (2005). Bias Wanita : Waspadai Gangguan saat Tamu Bulanan Datang.http://www.pdpersi.co.id. Tanggal 19 April 2007, jam 14.00.

-------------- (2006). Gema Pria. http : www.rubrikBKKBN.co.id. Tanggal 26 Mei 2007, jam 08.30.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Licensejoomla visitor View My Stats